September 4, 2009
New Delhi, 19 May 2009 -. Ceilanés The Army today released the first images of the corpse of the leader of the Tamil Tigers (LTTE), Vellupillai Prabhakaran, hours after the President of Sri Lanka officially announced the end of 26 years of war.
"The body of V. Prabhakaran, psychopath in the most barbaric terrorist organization the world leader, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) has been found recently, "the Defense Ministry said in a statement.
The video released by Defence showed a group of soldiers around the body of the guerrilla leader, rebel uniform provisions on a stretcher and attacked by flies, with a swollen face and apparent gunshot wounds to the head.
The discovery was made by the Army in the vicinity of Lake Nanthikadal where troops Monday rejected a final attempt by the guerrillas to escape suffering siege, which caused, according to official reports, 352 deaths in the rebel ranks.
"The victory we have achieved by defeating the LTTE is the victory of our country, our homeland. Protect Tamil people is my responsibility and my duty, "Rajapaksa said in his appearance before Parliament, received by continuous applause.
Rajapaksa appealed to the international community to rebuild the country's north, ravaged by war, but refused to "import" a policy to provide autonomy to the Tamil minority solution, the main victims of the conflict.
"We have no time to experiment with the solutions suggested by other countries," Rajapaksa said after providing for national reconciliation and advocate for the integration of all.
The fighting guerrillas and the army in recent months have killed at least 6,500 civilians, according to UN figures, 265,000 while others are confined in camps set up by the Government unable to leave them.
"Our goal was to protect the Tamils from the clutches of the LTTE. To protect the innocent Tamil civilians our soldiers sacrificed their lives to defeat terrorism "," Rajapaksa, who declared a holiday tomorrow in commemoration of the said ".
During his speech, Rajapaksa was silent on Prabhakaran, fueling speculation for a few hours of his death, further reinforced because a senior guerrilla in exile denied the death of their leader.
"The Government of Sri Lanka makes unverified claims. I can only say that our national leader is alive and safe, "he said in an interview for Tamilnet-related website to the guerrillas, the head of international relations of the LTTE, S. Pathmanathan.
Various official sources confirmed on Monday the death of Prabhakaran, who allegedly tried to flee the area aboard an armored vehicle and an ambulance with his number two, Pottu Amman, and the head of the naval division, Soosai.
The guerrilla was surrounded for weeks by the Army in a small strip in the northeast where tens of thousands of civilians, victims of bombings of the troops and the rebel suppression if trying to escape is also overcrowded.
After the final match on Monday, the Army published a list of 18 names of dead guerrilla leaders in which Prabhakaran was not found, although his closest aides and his eldest son, Charles Anthony, chief technology area.
Today, Pathmanathan troops accused of committing a "crime against humanity" by "killing" the political leader of the LTTE, B. Nadesan, and the head of the Peace Secretariat (LTTEPS), S. Puleedevan who tried to negotiate with the unarmed troops and white flags.
"What happened on Monday was a well-planned slaughter of several unarmed LTTE with the aim of annihilating its political structure civil officers," the Tamilnet portal, which pointed to a "high figure of Defense" is responsible.
The LTTE launched an armed uprising against Sri Lanka in 1983 for an independent state in the north and east of the island controlled by the Sinhalese majority, and since then has killed more than 80,000 victims of violence.
The international community and focuses on the fate of civilians confined in the fields of government, pending a visit Friday to the island of Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.
September 4, 2009
New Delhi, May 18, 2009 -. Sri Lanka Army today gave terminating the nearly 26 years of war in the country after finishing with the dome and the last fighters "tigers" Tamils in an offensive several months during that has killed thousands of civilians.
"All leaders of the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) have died," he told Efe by telephone Government CIO, Anusha throbs.
Soon after, the chief Ceylonese Staff, Sarath Fonseka said in a statement released by the Ministry of Defense that troops have "defeated militarily" the LTTE and "freed the nation from three decades of terror."
The guerrilla was surrounded for weeks in a small coastal strip in northeastern Sri Lanka, which also tens of thousands of civilians who have been victims of harsh military bombing and rebel gunfire if they tried to escape overcrowded.
This weekend, the Army managed to isolate the guerrillas last less than one square kilometer, until this morning LTTE carried out a desperate operation to achieve the flight of the top management.
"Trying to escape was his only chance. Now everyone is dead and there is no survivor in the area, "he told Efe the military spokesman Udaya Nanayakkara, who announced that the military and control" throughout the country ".
During this last battle, the troops took the lives of about 250 fighters, according to the spokesman, who was assumed that among the dead include both the supreme guerrilla leader, Vellupillai Prabhakaran, as his number two, Pottu Amman.
The guerrilla leader, 54, tried to leave the combat zone with Amman and the head of the guerrilla navy Soosai in a convoy of an ambulance and a van were shot by the army.
The news of his death came hours after the Army announced the firstborn of Prabhakaran, Charles Anthony, and six other known leaders of this longevity and bloody guerrilla group fighting for Tamil independence on the island.
Among them were the maximum charge of political affairs, B. Nadesan, the head of the Peace Secretariat (LTTEPS), S. Puleedevan, and the director of the rebellious police, Ilango.
"This is the first time that a terrorist group has been completely annihilated by a democratic government," he told Efe by telephone ceilanés Foreign Secretary Palitha Kohona, who dismissed credible allegations of civilian deaths.
In a statement posted on a related website Tamilnet-to-LTTE, the guerrillas denounced the Army has undertaken a "resolute slaughter" against the last Tamil stronghold, where they were just "1,000 wounded guerrillas, officials and civilians."
"Colombo has decided not to allow any opportunity for the LTTE to negotiate and destroy its leadership" kept the guerrillas, with connections outside the country.
This Sunday, the LTTE and declared that the battle had reached its "bitter end" and announced a unilateral cessation of fighting to prevent more blood shedding among civilians.
It was the Government's response to the announcement about the "rescue" of the 50,000 civilians who continued guerrilla areas in the past and who were transferred to camps set up by the authorities to accommodate the displaced.
"We believe that the Army has taken between 50,000 and 80,000 civilians in recent days and are moving into camps. Has won the war, but an obvious question arises: what now, "he told Efe the UN spokesman in the country, Gordon Weiss.
Violent fighting has since the beginning of the year caused the death of over 6,500 civilians, according to UN estimates, in the absence of added data in recent weeks, and the guerrillas surrounded by thousands of people used to protect themselves.
And in the camps by Kohona, There are 250,000 people waiting for the Government to rehabilitate their areas of origin, but aid agencies reported that Tamils are not allowed to leave them.
The death of the guerrilla leaders who fought to get independence Tamils mark the end of an era in this ancient Asian conflict Asia and was greeted with celebrations in Colombo today by the Sinhalese majority.
September 4, 2009
New Delhi, May 18, 2009 -. Vellupillai The elusive leader Prabhakaran, died today at the hands of Sri Lanka Army after 26 years of struggle, has been the face of the Tamil Tigers, a bloody body came to have a own aviation and patented suicide attacks as a weapon.
The inflexible founder of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and other guerrilla leaders "are all dead," Efe said a military spokesman, who said that lack only officially confirm the identification of the body.
Hero to his followers and to the Sri Lankan government terrorist, Prabhakaran led with an iron hand a well-trained and disciplined guerrilla buzzed for decades the Army, said today that have killed what was left of the LTTE, a few hundred men who resisted cornered in less than one square kilometer.
Gone is the time when Prabhakaran came to control two thirds of the costs and one-third of the total territory of Sri Lanka.
For two and a half decades of struggle, the "tiger" Prabhakaran has not hesitated to remove by any means any hint of dissent among the Tamil community, and to the end his men fired on the people who wanted to flee the fighting.
Born in November 1954 in the Jaffna peninsula (north) as the youngest of four siblings, his life can be summarized in a bloodthirsty race for the independence of the island's Tamils after decades of discrimination by the majority Sinhalese.
Although during his command has granted very few interviews, it is said that Prabhakaran was a shy student, angered by the abuse suffered by the Tamils, was aimed at martial arts and began his activism in independence movements.
In 1975, he was accused of murdering six yard box to the then mayor of Jaffna, Alfred Duraiappah, shortly after founding an organization called the Tamil New Tigers (TNT), the seeds of what would become the LTTE.
Now renamed, LTTE guerrillas launched a campaign of low-level violence that had a significant popular support and in 1983 led to an open war against the Government of Sri Lanka has caused more than 70,000 deaths (nearly 6,500 of them this year , according to UN estimates).
Prabhakaran built a totalitarian organization prepared to carry out terrorist attacks bold and dramatic effects, but also to manage a state of fact, hospitals, police and even its own customs service.
Undisputed leader of the LTTE, Prabhakaran was adamant against dissent in the armed movement, which has led from their bunkers and tunnels networks in jungle areas conquered by the Army now.
"Prabhakaran is not the kind of man who lives on the surface. I'm sure you are living underground, "he told reporters a few days ago Brigadier Shavendra Desilva, who gave for granted that the" tiger "would fight" until the last moment. "
Each year, the head of the LTTE gave a speech to mark the Day of Heroes of Tamil Eelam.
"There are three fundamentals: the Tamil homeland, Tamil nationality and the right to self-determination of the Tamils. Those are the fundamental demands of the Tamils, "he said at a packed press conference and outstanding in 2002, when the LTTE reached a ceasefire with the government.
Subject of constant rumors and speculation, said the historic guerrilla leader, who suffered from diabetes, survived several assassination attempts and capture, and he wore around his neck a cyanide capsule to avoid being atrapasen alive.
Prabhakaran was Mathivathani Erambu married and has three children, two boys and a girl.
According to the Ceylon Army, his wife, his daughter and his youngest son out of the country, but the biggest of 23 years and followed his father in the front, also died today shortly before his father.
Prabhakaran was wanted by Interpol for terrorism, murder, organized crime and terrorism conspiracy.
September 4, 2009
New Delhi, 11 May 2009 -. Recent fighting in the stronghold of the Tamil guerrillas in northeastern Sri Lanka have caused this weekend a "bath of blood", as the UN reported today, which amounted to 380 civilians killed , hundreds of them children.
"We give good data for government doctors present in the area, which reported the death of 380 people. More than 100 children are among the dead, "he told Efe by telephone UN spokesman in Sri Lanka, Gordon Weiss.
Weiss said that the UN "no attribute" responsibility for the massacre, the government and the guerrillas who accuse each other, but remembered the organization and "had warned that there would be a bloodbath" because civilians are among the fighting.
Sri Lanka Army launched a few weeks ago its final offensive against the last stronghold of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), a coastal strip north in which are crammed between 50,000 and 100,000 civilians, according to UN although the government says are between 15,000 and 20,000.
An aid worker in Sri Lanka told Efe that is "impossible" to know what is happening in the combat zone because no observers in it, but remembered that the only side "with military capability to bomb from the air is the Government ".
On 27 April, the Ceylonese Government ordered the Army to limit its operations, and end the use of heavy weapons and aerial bombardment, even though it had previously repeatedly denied using such weaponry.
Despite the order, and fighting continued this weekend escalated in the areas of Mullivaaykaal and Vadduvaakal, the last under the control of the guerrillas, encircled by troops in an area of about four square kilometers.
The head of the Organisation for Tamils Rehabilitation (TRO)-also linked to the guerrilla-Lawrence Christy, said Tuesday that more than 3,200 civilians have been killed since Sunday afternoon and called for international intervention to stop the "genocide ".
A related goal guerrillas, Tamilnet published photographs allegedly taken this weekend with victims of bombing and burning buildings.
The allegations have been denied the guerrillas by the Ceylonese Defence Ministry, said today that it is the LTTE itself that is attacking the Tamil population in the area under their control to promote international intervention.
"They are bombing their own civilians with heavy weapons to blame the forces of Sri Lanka. In their calculation, they believe that this will lead other countries to throw a lifeline to redeem their souls, "said Defense said in a statement.
The "Tigers" Tamils "are powerless to resist the forces of Sri Lanka. Need their international friends and will resort to anything to attract them. So again civilians are the target, "he added.
In recent weeks there has been growing concern about the state of the trapped civilians, who, according to Efe said spokeswoman Red Cross in Sri Lanka, Sarasi Wijeratne, face an acute doctor shortage of water, medicine or personal being seen .
"Since last February the area have carried 2,350 tons of food. That amount is insufficient to meet even the basic needs of the trapped population, "said the source.
According to the spokesperson, the Red Cross has taken in the area from February to 13,769 civilians sick or wounded naval operations in 31 evacuation is sometimes been hampered by constant fighting.
The Government of Sri Lanka has so far rejected all international demands to halt its offensive against the Tamil Tigers, fighting for more than 25 years for an independent state in the east and north of the island.
Both the LTTE and the government maintain an active propaganda to gain support in the conflict, but most of the claims have no independent verification that the access to the front lines is prohibited.
The organization Human Rights Watch has asked the Security Council to determine whether an investigation is taking place "war crimes" in Sri Lanka, the end of the UN spokesman declined to comment.
September 4, 2009
New Delhi, April 27, 2009 -. The Government of Sri Lanka said today that his troops will cease to bomb or use heavy weapons against the last Tamil rebel stronghold, after a week of international pressure for the death of 2,000 civilians in their crackdown guerrillas.
"The Government of Sri Lanka has decided that combat operations have reached their conclusion," said Executive ceilanés in a statement.
"Our security forces have been instructed to end the use of heavy caliber guns, combat aircraft and aerial weapons which could cause civilian casualties," said the executive, who for the first time admitted that the employee has in their offense.
Sri Lanka Army launched a final attack against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in a coastal strip of the northern district of Mullaitivu, the last outbreak of guerrilla resistance after more than 25 years of war a week ago.
In this small area, approximately 17 square kilometers and previously declared "safe area" by the Government, had gathered up to 190,000 civilians (UN estimates), many fled to other combat zones.
The Ceylonese Army ensures that 110,000 civilians have been "rescued" from that territory in the last week and left between 15,000 and 20,000 with a few hundred members of the LTTE, now surrounded by about six square kilometers.
According to the press today, troops henceforth limited their activities to rescue those civilians "held hostage" by the "Tigers" Tamils, though a military spokesman said Efe by telephone that this will not pose an obstacle to their operations the area.
"The LTTE is confined to a small area. What the government means is that the fighting will be limited to the rescue of those people, "said spokesman Udaya Nanayakkara, referring to the Tamil population.
In the same line, a defense source denied that the government announcement means a ceasefire by international pressure, and clarified that it is part of a policy of "zero civilian casualties" when combat missions "are reaching their end."
The UN estimates that 50,000 people remain inside the coastal strip, while the LTTE puts the figure at 165,000 and warns that they are "imminent" death from starvation because the government blocking food supplies earlier this month.
A representative of the "Tigers", S. Puleedevan, today accused the Ceylonese government of trying to "trick" the international community, as the bombing continued in the area after the government announcement, reported the website related to the guerrillas, Tamilnet.
Guerrillas also Ceylonese troops accused of causing further deaths of civilians in an attack this morning by Nanayakkara qualified as "rescue operations" - and then said that there were two bombings against civilian targets after the announcement that they would cease.
Harassed by the Army, the LTTE declared yesterday, Sunday, a "unilateral ceasefire" with immediate effect citing poor humanitarian situation in the area, but the government considered it a mere attempt to buy time guerrillas and regroup.
The "ceasefire" guerrilla and the Government's announcement coincided with the presence on the island of Undersecretary General for Humanitarian Affairs, John Holmes, who yesterday urged both sides humanitarian "pause".
Holmes, who is scheduled to leave tonight, met with the Ceylonese Minister of Foreign Affairs Rohitha Bogollagama and visited Vavuniya (north) to verify the conditions of the Tamil civilians detained by the government in camps, where lack of everything to meet their basic needs.
Also is scheduled to meet this afternoon with President Mahinda Rajapaksa, told Efe a spokesman for Foreign contacted by phone.
Rajapaksa was allowed today to send a message to the international community taking advantage of the massive victory this weekend scored his party in regional elections.
"The Western Province has sent a decisive message to the international community. Has stated categorically that no power has the right or moral justification to bail the brutal terrorism when the last lines of the final chapter is written, "Rajapaksa said.
September 4, 2009
New Delhi, April 26, 2009 -. The Government of Sri Lanka took not even half an hour today in rejecting a ceasefire announcement by the Tamil Tigers, which is produced in full visit by a UN envoy and hours after the Ceylonese Army guerrillas snatched his penultimate bastion.
"The LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) is in no position to ask or demand anything. Intend to declare a cease-fire when they have long bowed the knee, "he told Efe by telephone from Colombo's Ceylonese Foreign Secretary Palitha Kohona.
The guerrillas had announced in a statement minutes before a unilateral cease-fire and an end to their offensive in northeastern Sri Lanka, where he is surrounded by the army in a small coastal strip along with tens of thousands of civilian operations.
"In view of the unprecedented humanitarian crisis and in response to calls made by the UN, the European Union, the Governments of the United States, India and others, the LTTE announced a unilateral cease-fire. All offensive operations will cease with immediate effect, "said the guerrilla in the note.
On Saturday, the LTTE had reported a situation of "starvation" to "165,000" people in the areas under their control, but the UN estimates that there are actually about 50,000 and the Ceylonese Government estimates are between 15,000 and 20,000.
And today, the guerrillas warned that "starvation deaths" are imminent, accusing the government of deliberately blocking food supplies and medicines and continually attacking civilians trapped in rebel territory.
Complaints, however, that were described by Kohona as a "cynical effort" aimed at UN Undersecretary for Humanitarian Affairs, John Holmes, who came to the island last night to check the situation of civilians affected by the conflict.
Holmes today called for "urgent" the LTTE to abandon weapons and enable the output of civilians, and urged the Government to limit the use of heavy weapons in its offensive against the guerrillas.
"We need a new humanitarian pause to get help and aid workers in the combat zone," said the officer released by the Ada Derana television channel declarations.
The army launched an offensive on Monday that resulted in bloody step to government areas about 110,000 civilians housed in camps by the Government for these purposes in the north of the country under very precarious conditions.
"They have been arrested and are in concentration camps where they are subjected to torture in violation of all international conventions. Are not allowed to come home this population. Some are used as human shields, "the LTTE.
Holmes, who defended today a "pause" in the conflict and access to areas of humanitarian personnel, plans to travel to Vavuniya (north) to check "in situ" the situation of civilians, the spokesman told Efe UN in the country, Gordon Weiss.
In the last days have grown diplomatic pressure and international concern for the fate of people caught in the fighting, but the Ceylonese Government seems determined to end militarily with the LTTE, which is fighting for more than 25 years to get a independent state for minority Tamils.
A few hours before the announcement of the guerrillas, the military said in fact making the penultimate town in rebel hands, Valayarmadam and capture 23 suspected guerrillas, the "rescue" of about 700 civilians and killed 12 rebels in a naval battle.
"They have about 500 guerrillas, who also dressed as civilians to not distinguish. Just get them 6 square kilometers, "said Efe by telephone military spokesman Udaya Nanayakkara.
Convinced of his victory, the Government also today rejected a request from the United States, European Union, Japan and Norway-called "Tokyo Quartet" - offering an amnesty to the guerrillas, who asked to surrender a third party.
"There will be no amnesty for LTTE. They will have to surrender or face removal by the Sri Lankan forces, "he said as quoted by various means, the Defence Secretary Gotabhaya Rajapaksa.
In a very different side, the combat strategy is seen by analysts as one of the keys of the crushing victory won today the United Alliance ruling by the People's Freedom (UPFA) in the regional elections of the West, including the capital, Colombo.
March 6, 2009
New Delhi, February 4, 2009 -. The UN today reported the death of 52 civilians in heavy fighting that occur in northern Sri Lanka, a country that celebrates its independence today embarked on a violent military offensive against Tamil rebels weakened.
"At least 52 civilians have died in last night at the registered sector Suranthapuram attacks. We are awaiting more details, "he told Efe by telephone UN spokesman in Sri Lanka, Gordon Weiss.
Weiss also denounced an attack using cluster bombs against Puthukudiyirippu hospital, which has been bombed since last Sunday and is close to several areas of combat between the army and the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam).
Por el momento se desconoce si ha habido víctimas en este último ataque, en tanto que en los registrados hasta el pasado lunes, según datos de la Cruz Roja, al menos doce civiles han muerto y otros 30 han resultado heridos y las bombas han dañado las cocinas, la iglesia, el pabellón femenino e infantil y la sala de operaciones.
"We believe that civilians have started to leave the center in search of a safe place. We are waiting to know if there are more deaths in this latest attack, "he told Efe by telephone spokeswoman for the Red Cross, Sarasi Wijeratne.
While all eyes point to the military as responsible, a military spokesman denied Efe that the attacks on the hospital have been the work of the Ceylonese aviation, in line with the official government version, it says not to act against civilian targets.
"We have never used or have cluster bombs. We know that violates international standards Efe said Udaya Nanayakkara spokesman. Respecto a Suranthapuram, hay combates contra la guerrilla. In any case, the dead would be guerrillas dressed as civilians. "
Este domingo expiró un plazo de 48 horas fijado por el Gobierno para que los civiles que continúan en áreas del LTTE entraran en una zona de seguridad como “única forma” de quedar a salvo durante los combates que enfrentan al Ejército con la guerrilla.
Since late 2007, the Army has embarked on a powerful offense that has allowed him to snatch the main guerrilla strongholds and the bulk of its territory, to surround a forest area of about 200 square kilometers in the northeast.
Of that achievement the Ceylonese President Mahinda Rajapaksa, who attended the military parade held today in Colombo to mark the anniversary of the independence of the country, obtained in 1948 from the hands of the British Empire welcomed.
“Confío en que en unos pocos días derrotaremos decisivamente a la fuerza terrorista que muchos decían que era invencible”, aseveró Rajapaksa en su discurso ante los asistentes al desfile, entre ellos los principales dirigentes castrenses.
“Hemos logrado derrotar casi por completo a las cobardes fuerzas del terror que mantenían atemorizada nuestra nación.(…) Nuestras heroicas Fuerzas Armadas nos han dado la oportunidad de celebrar el aniversario de la Independencia libres de la sombra del terrorismo”, añadió.
Executive, however, is facing growing international pressure to spare the civilian population trapped in the war zone, Sri Lanka estimated at 120,000 compared to 250,000 calculated by international organizations.
Since the start in 1983 of open war against Tamil guerrillas State have died on the island nearly 100,000 Indian victims of ethnic conflict, and hundreds of thousands displaced.
Ante la precaria situación de la guerrilla tamil, Estados Unidos, la Unión Europea, Japón y Noruega instaron ayer a los rebeldes a abandonar las armas y negociar con el Gobierno el fin de la guerra civil, para evitar así más derramamiento de sangre.
The LTTE remains under control of the small towns and Puthukudiyirippu Visuamadu, in January after losing the strategic Elephant Pass, the town of Kilinochchi, the capital of factors, and the town of Mullaitivu, which was his last major bastion.
Los “tigres” tamiles luchan por proclamar un estado independiente en el norte y el este de la isla, donde su etnia tiene mayor presencia, frente a la cingalesa, mayoritaria en el país.
February 13, 2009
El poema histórico “Mahavamsa”, un recuento de ocho siglos sobre los reyes de Sri Lanka, recoge el combate legendario que el rey cingalés Dutugamunu sostuvo contra un rey tamil usurpador, Elara, que se había apoderado del norte tras invadir la isla desde la India con sus tropas. En plena batalla, Dutugamunu se plantó ante su enemigo y los dos se enfrentaron a lomos de sus elefantes, hasta que el cingalés hirió mortalmente con un dardo a Elara, más viejo y menos ágil.
“El agua del tanque se tintó de rojo con la sangre de los muertos”, clama el poema sobre la batalla. De aquella historia han pasado más de 2.100 años, pero Dutugamunu es hoy uno de los personajes más queridos por los elementos nacionalistas de la mayoría cingalesa, que domina el estado en la isla del Índico. En Sri Lanka sigue corriendo sangre. Y no es un secreto que su presidente, Mahinda Rajapaksa, sueña con emular al mítico Dutugamunu, en vista de la ofensiva militar que ha puesto de rodillas en el norte a la guerrilla tamil.
“Si no hubiera civiles ahí dentro, no tardaríamos ni un día en destruirla”, responde al otro lado del hilo telefónico el portavoz del Ejército de Sri Lanka, Udaya Nanayakkara. En el último año y medio, las tropas han conquistado un territorio mayor que la provincia de Sevilla –unos 14.800 kilómetros cuadrados- y han arrinconado a los Tigres tamiles (LTTE) en una esquina selvática en el noreste de Sri Lanka.
Pero su ofensiva exitosa –apoyada en una abrumadora superioridad armamentística y un Ejército 15 veces más numeroso que la guerrilla- se enfrenta ahora a la barrera humanitaria que las organizaciones de ayuda y varias potencias recuerdan al Gobierno: dice la ONU que en los últimos bastiones guerrilleros hay unos 250.000 civiles atrapados e indefensos ante los bombardeos de la aviación gubernamental, los combates incesantes y las supuestas presiones –y disparos- de la guerrilla para que no huyan de las últimas áreas bajo su control.
“No nos podemos dar un plazo, porque tenemos que minimizar el daño causado a los civiles”, comenta Nanayakkara. Esa es también la versión oficial del Gobierno ceilanés, aunque hasta ahora el factor civil no ha detenido anteriores avances. Y las versiones independientes son muy poco amables: el portavoz de la ONU en el país, Gordon Weiss, acusó la semana pasada al Ejército de una masacre con 52 muertos civiles. Razón por la que los halcones del Gobierno piden la evacuación de los cooperantes extranjeros: los testigos corren riesgos porque suponen un riesgo.
“Tenemos unos 20 trabajadores en el terreno, pero no puedo precisar dónde se encuentran. Algunos están con los pacientes, otros han sido desplazados. Estamos preocupados por la higiene, los refugios, las medicinas. Desde finales de enero no ha sido posible llevar ayuda humanitaria a las áreas de guerra”, cuenta la portavoz de la Cruz Roja, Sarasi Wijeratne. Su organización es la única autorizada por los contendientes para operar.
So the guerrilla underpins posts with references to discrimination, genocide. And yet, apart from that there is no independent verification of their claims, a possible mediation of the international community or a ceasefire craved difficult. Mainly because the Government of Sri Lanka feels too close military victory to accept a different carrot, but also because India, the main regional power, rubs his hands with the opportunity to obtain the head of Prabhakaran responsible for the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.
But the pressure on the government increases. India, which provides a quiet supply weapons to the island, can not afford to support Rajapaksa too openly because with it the rage of his own Tamil population, 66 million people who share culture and customs with their "brothers" of the north win Sri Lanka. And the United States, European Union, Japan and Norway have called a temporary truce to allow the escape of trapped civilians. Rajapaksa received even a call from the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon, who asked him to stop fighting a few hours. "Thanks for your interest, sir, but it's not possible," Rajapaksa said.
The government estimate, the coffins of soldiers who arrive every month to Colombo, humanitarian crises or potential international scolding are a price worth paying: for the first time in decades, Rajapaksa has managed to convince the population that is possible to sweep the guerrillas militarily, who at 25 years of existence is one of the bloodiest organizations worldwide and has kept the match with his country in two violent challenge.
Since the beginning of the war in 1983 have been killed nearly 100,000 people, as told by phone the Minister of Minorities Dev Gunasekara between sporadic outbreaks of ethnic violence in military actions or attacks Division suicidal guerrilla, the Tigers Negros, photographing its supreme leader before going to certain death, and drag with them who was put forward.
Tamil guerrillas like cultivating the mystique of revolution: its symbol is a roaring tiger and wear uniforms as if they were so. With the uniform, receive a cyanide pill to be swallowed in case of capturados.Cuentan-or had-with an air force (a couple of Czech-made planes) and this offensive Armada.Hasta Army had mounted a mini facto state hospitals, police, courts and own customs.
And at the same time, maintained discipline among its ranks with an iron hand and fed with striking fidelity care marketing (up patriotic songs sold online), thanks in part to funds raised by contributions from the Tamil diaspora in powerful abroad, where they developed a strong client network connections that go from Paris to Toronto and was hit hard from 11-S in New York.
The Prabhakaran himself has always shown an offensive contempt for human rights. Militant from the origin of the guerrilla, has committed several murders he has ordered another as Rajiv Gandhi said, and is wanted by Interpol for multiple charges. Dryness gives an idea of the order expelling 80,000 Muslims residing in Tamil areas, who gave a deadline (completed) 24 hours. They left with nothing.
In his ruthless race for the independence of the Tamil minority and erected in only voice of ethnicity in Sri Lanka, Prabhakaran has not hesitated to eliminate political opponents-close or distant-use child soldiers, and to resort to the attacks suicide or shot in the neck to end dissent or threat.
So Capturing the Tamil leader would bring the best headline to crown Rajapaksa's military offensive. It would be a final blow, the total and symbolic defeat a violent strikes Dutugamunu a Elara stripped of his former righteousness. But when the key will end the guerrilla dart Sinhalese King becoming the real challenge: to make the Tamils feel comfortable in Sri Lanka.
And it's not easy. For the day after, the government has already prepared several detention camps to house Tamil refugees, similar to others in which Muslims languish. In the Tamil area, the LTTE has dominated political life to the point that its military disarticulation probably leave a dangerous vacuum for the community, which will be disorganized. Para los tamiles, el desafío estribará en construir un movimiento político alejado de la violencia.
Dicho de otro modo: dependerán de su propia capacidad para adaptarse al día después, pero también de las hasta ahora inexistentes compasión y la magnanimidad de Rajapaksa, cuando deje de correr la sangre.
Por si al presidente le faltara voluntad, la historia ofrece pistas: pese a su derrota, el invasor rey Elara pasó a la historia como un rey justo y respetado, que logró garantizar la convivencia entre sus súbditos con independencia de su etnia. Tras vencerlo en el campo de batalla, el propio Dutugamunu se arrepintió de su acción y ordenó cremar al rey caído con honores. La pena fue tanta que ordenó construir un túmulo. “Nunca conoció la alegría, recordando la destrucción tanto de sus enemigos como de sus propios soldados”, dice el “Mahavamsa”. Let's see.
February 3, 2009
February 3, 2009
Nueva Delhi, 4 feb 2008.- Sri Lanka celebró hoy con desfiles, discursos y estrictas medidas de seguridad sus 60 años de independencia, marcados por las operaciones militares de las tropas gubernamentales en el norte del país contra la guerrilla tamil.
Ante la perspectiva de posibles atentados terroristas, las autoridades cortaron las principales arterias viarias de Colombo y las operadoras de móviles anunciaron la suspensión de los servicios de mensajería durante seis horas.
“Hemos incrementado las medidas de seguridad para beneficio de los ciudadanos de este país”, dijo a Efe una fuente del Ministerio ceilanés de Defensa.
El presidente de Sri Lanka, Mahinda Rajapaksa, acudió al paseo marítimo capitalino de Galle Face Green, donde asistió a un desfile militar y escuchó en pie las notas del himno nacional en un acto boicoteado por los principales partidos de la oposición.
“Hay ante nosotros dos desafíos principales -dijo el presidente en su mensaje a la nación-. Uno es el desafío de erradicar el terrorismo y el otro es el desafío de erradicar la pobreza. Respecto al primero, es un motivo de satisfacción que la Provincia del Este haya sido liberada”.
El Ejército terminó 2007 con la moral en alza tras una ofensiva exitosa que confinó a la guerrilla del LTTE (Tigres para la Liberación de la Patria Tamil) en sus bastiones del norte del país.
El LTTE tiene un dudoso historial en materia de derechos humanos y es considerado una organización terrorista por 32 países, pero a la vez gestiona un pequeño Estado de facto en su territorio, con un aparato judicial independiente, servicios sanitarios y de policía, y una autoridad aduanera.
La guerrilla lucha desde hace más de dos décadas por un Estado independiente en el este y norte del país, donde los tamiles son mayoría, y resiste por el momento a los ataques del Ejército en las líneas de búnkeres que conforman el frente de batalla.
Aunque ya sólo existía sobre el papel, el alto el fuego suscrito en el año 2002 por ambos bandos quedó anulado el 16 de enero por el Gobierno, con vistas a iniciar una nueva ofensiva en el norte con, según dijo hoy Rajapaksa, “buenas expectativas de éxito”.
Desde entonces, el Ejército informa diariamente de la muerte de decenas de combatientes rebeldes, aunque no existe una comprobación independiente porque los reporteros no tienen acceso al frente de batalla.
“Nuestro objetivo por el momento no es conquistar nuevos territorios, sino debilitar al enemigo lo máximo posible, destruyendo búnkers y matando rebeldes. Pero estaremos en el lugar oportuno en el momento oportuno”, dijo a Efe el portavoz del Ejército, Udaya Nanayakkara, contactado telefónicamente.
Pese a que las tropas anunciaron a comienzos de enero un avance en el distrito norteño de Mannar, Nanayakkara reconoció que todas las líneas del frente se mantienen estables, y no quiso hacer declaraciones respecto a una ofensiva inminente.
El LTTE ha respondido al recrudecimiento de los combates con un incremento de los ataques terroristas, como el que este domingo acabó con la vida de once civiles y causó heridas a 92, obra de una mujer suicida que hizo estallar la carga explosiva que portaba en una estación de trenes de Colombo.
Y hoy la ciudad sufrió la explosión de un otro artefacto junto a un transformador eléctrico, sin que se produjeran víctimas.
Con unos índices de educación y salud que son la envidia del subcontinente, la isla del Índico es sin embargo víctima de un conflicto que enfrenta desde hace décadas a tamiles y cingaleses y que ha dejado ya más de 65.000 muertos.
Hoy, el presidente Rajapaksa aseguró que esos problemas serán sólo “transitorios”, que las dificultades a corto plazo servirán para traer un futuro más brillante y que Sri Lanka tiene la confianza de la comunidad internacional.
Sin embargo, aunque el Gobierno recogió en un comunicado que había “celebraciones jubilosas a lo largo del país”, la situación en la capital de hecho de los rebeldes, Kilinochchi, puso bien de manifiesto la existencia de dos Sri Lankas.
“Aquí todo está hoy normal. La gente ha ido a trabajar como cualquier otro día. No hay ninguna celebración especial. Esto es tierra tamil”, dijo a Efe un responsable de una ONG local que pidió el anonimato.